The Johor Port Authority (JPA) regulates and is responsible for all Tanjung Pelepas Port operations. The JPA also monitors Tanjung Pelepas Port performance to assure continued high-quality operations. The JPA's Operation and Regulatory Division is the main operating body, and several units within the Division are responsible for specific activities including safety and security, fire and rescue, and overseeing dangerous cargo. The Marine Unit within the JPA strives to assure maximum efficiency in the work of Tanjung Pelepas Port's pilots.
Protected by a deep-water bay, Tanjung Pelepas Port (PTP) occupies 1935 acres. Located just 45 minutes from the busiest international shipping lanes in the world, Tanjung Pelepas Port offers natural features that allow it to offer relatively short waiting times for arriving vessels to anchor. Tanjung Pelepas Port offers a sheltered bay without tide restrictions. The terminal has depths ranging from 15 to 19 meters (49.2 to 62.3 feet). The 12.6-kilometer (20.3-mile) access channel and 720-meter (2362-foot) turning basin allow Tanjung Pelepas Port to accommodate the biggest cargo vessels.
Its ready links with highways throughout Singapore and the rest of Malaysia facilitate the distribution of cargoes. Tanjung Pelepas Port's Free Commercial Zone and Free Trade Zone lend benefits to port customers by improving customs procedures, expediting import and export duties, and facilitating import licenses.
Almost as soon as it opened in 1999, Tanjung Pelepas Port set world records for its fast growth. Tanjung Pelepas Port changed Southeast Asia's shipping profile, soon gaining Maersk Sealand as a 30% partner. Maersk, the largest shipping company in the world, then transferred its Asia operations from Singapore to Tanjung Pelepas Port. In both 2000 and 2001, Tanjung Pelepas Port was recognized as the "Best Emerging Container Terminal" by Lloyd's List Maritime Asia.
In 2002, the second biggest shipping company in the world, Evergreen Marine Corporation, moved its operations from Singapore to Tanjung Pelepas Port. Promising less congestion and fewer delays than Singapore, this trend has continued over the years. K-Line, Safmarine, and Mediterranean Shipping Company have established operations in Tanjung Pelepas Port.
In 1999, the Tanjung Pelepas Port terminal handled 20.7 thousand TEUs of containerized cargo. The following year, that number rose to 423.7 thousand TEUs. By 2001, Tanjung Pelepas Port handled two million TEUs. In 2009, container throughput reached six million TEUs. Today, Tanjung Pelepas Port has capacity to handle more than nine million TEUs per year.
Tanjung Pelepas Port has a total of 12 berths with a total wharf length of 4.3 kilometers (6.9 miles). Its 296-acre container yard offers storage space for 6.2 million TEUs, including 37.8 thousand ground slots and 4161 reefer connections. Forty-four post-Panamax quay cranes serve the Tanjung Pelepas Port berths. In addition, the berths are equipped with 138 rubber-tired gantry cranes, 274 prime movers, and 361 trailers.
The master plan for the Tanjung Pelepas Port calls for 95 berths stretching from the Malaysia-Singapore Second Link to the mouth of the Pulai River offering a total handling capacity for 150 million TEUs.
A state-of-the-art information technology system supports terminal operations and all port users. The IT system allows the flow of real-time information and reduces wasteful paperwork by facilitating electronic transactions.
In addition to being directly connected by 5.4 kilometers (8.7 miles) of access road to major expressways in Singapore and Malaysia, Tanjung Pelepas Port is linked to Southern Thailand by a 4-track rail terminal. Tanjung Pelepas Port is linked to its hinterlands by 31.5 kilometers (50.8 miles) of railway. The port's 14-lane gate terminal for trucks and its 6-lane Free Trade Zone assure the efficient movement of containers in and out of Tanjung Pelepas Port.
Pilotage is required within Tanjung Pelepas Port, and the port provides pilots around the clock all year. Tanjung Pelepas Port requires a minimum 7-day notification of estimated arrival time and a minimum three-hour notice for booking pilots for both entrance and exit of the port.
Pilots will determine how many tugs will be required to assist cargo vessels in Tanjung Pelepas Port. All tugboats in Tanjung Pelepas Port have firefighting equipment and 3200 horsepower engines.
Tanjung Pelepas Port rubber-tired gantry cranes have been fitted with SmartRail, a steering and positioning system guided by advanced satellite-guided position determination systems. Eliminating human errors associated with other global positioning systems, the SmartRail system increases accuracy and reduces misplaced containers. Advanced information technology systems are also used for container movements, container yard management, and vessel planning. The Gate Control and Monitoring System integrates gate operations with container management systems for greatest Tanjung Pelepas Port efficiency.
Tanjung Pelepas Port's Free Zone has been operational since 1999, and the Free Zone Authority appointed by the Malaysian government administers both the Commercial Free Zone and the Industrial Free Zone. Covering about one thousand acres, the Tanjung Pelepas Port Free Zone is located next to the port and container terminal. About 400 acres have been designated as Free Commercial Zone used for logistics, distribution, and warehousing. The 600-acre Free Industrial Zone is used by manufacturing industries.